After discovering a very contagious virus, Saudi Arabia bans Indian prawn.

Due to worries about White Spot Virus contamination, the Saudi Food and Drug Authority (SFDA) has announced a temporary ban on imported shrimp from India (WSV).

The choice was made following an investigation by the Saudi Ministry of Environment, Water, and Agriculture into multiple samples of frozen prawn imported from India that tested positive for the virus.

The SFDA has highlighted that the import ban on shrimp will stay in effect until the Indian government can offer acceptable assurances regarding the security of their exported goods.

Before lifting the embargo, the authority has also stated that it is committed to defending Saudi Arabia’s fisheries from any potential viral transmission.

The SFDA’s action highlights the significance of guaranteeing food safety in the nation and the agency’s willingness to act quickly to protect the health and welfare of its population.

White Spot Virus Information

Shrimps, particularly several species of penaeid prawn including the black tiger shrimp, white leg shrimp, and giant tiger prawn, are susceptible to the extremely contagious white spot virus (WSV). It is regarded as one of the most severe viral infections that affect shrimps globally.

The term “white spot” refers to the distinctive white spots or patches that the virus causes to form on the exoskeleton of affected prawn. Other signs of the infection, like as lethargy, reduced eating, and strange swimming behaviour, may also be seen in infected prawn.

The waterborne transmission of WSV, such as contaminated water or live carrier organisms, can cause it to spread quickly and is extremely contagious. After an infected prawn population has spread, mortality rates can be significant, reaching 100% in extreme circumstances.

As there is presently no known treatment for WSV, prevention strategies like sound biosecurity procedures and appropriate pond management are the most efficient ways to stop the disease’s spread. Antiviral drugs can sometimes be used to treat infected prawn, but their efficacy is constrained, and their usage is not advised as a regular prophylactic precaution.

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